A third war erupted between England and the Netherlands in 1672. Although the Dutch inhabitants of New York had been treated quite fairly by the English, it became an object of the war once more.
A fleet of twenty-three ships carrying 1,600 soldiers under the command of Cornelius Evertsen arrived in New York Harbor on 07 August 1672. On the following day a feeble cannonade was fired from Fort James. On the 9th, a land force under the command of Captain Anthony Colve easily obtained the surrender of the garrison of Fort James and the Dutch flag was once again hoisted over the city of New York. The colony of New York was renamed New Orange on the 17th.
Captain Colve was named Governor General on 12 August. He set about taking control of the region. Most of the towns in the colony capitulated to the Dutch, but the five towns on Long Island in what had been designated the East Riding of Suffolk resisted with the assistance of the New England Confederacy.
The renewed Dutch rule of New Amsterdam / New York / New Orange was shortlived. The Treaty of Westminster was signed on 19 February 1674. By the terms of that treaty, the colony was surrendered by the Dutch and handed over to Sir Edmund Andros, a deputy of James, the Duke of York on 10 November.