According to
"An Appendix To The History Of Scotland", 1721
{With certain annotations ~ drawn from
a myriad of sources.

   The charts that are presented on this page are derived from a treatise titled: The Geneologie Of All The Kings Of Scotland by George Buchanan, the author of the History Of Scotland and An Appendix To The History Of Scotland, in which the aforesaid treatise on genealogy was included.

   No attempt is made to argue for or against this genealogy's accuracy. It is presented here for its own sake, and should be compared to other genealogies by the serious researcher.

   Only a very few annotations have been included, such as the inclusion of siblings from whom kings may not have descended (e.g. the family of Kenneth Mac Alpin). The purpose of such annotations is simply to show the relationships of all of the siblings, whether or not their offspring succeeded to the kingship.

   Note: The down-arrow points to the first child of the next generation directly below an individual, additional siblings then stretch out to the right of the first child until the next down-arrow is encountered.

The Descendants Of Ferquhard

> >
(a Prince of Ireland)
1st King
330BC - 305BC
  2nd King
305BC - 290BC
Ferlegus 3rd King
290BC - 262BC
  4th King
262BC - 233BC
5th King
233BC - 213BC
  6th King
213BC - 187BC
7th King
187BC - 173BC
  8th King
173BC - 161BC
9th King
161BC - 137BC
    10th King
137BC - 107BC
    11th King
107BC - 98BC
  12th King
Evenus I
98BC - 79BC
14th King
Evenus II
77BC - 60BC
    Dochamus   13th King
79BC - 77BC
    15th King
60BC - 12BC
    16th King
Evenus III
12BC - 5BC
17th King
5BC - 35AD
(daughter) Eropeia, married to Cadallmus                
        18th King
35 - 55
19th King
Corbredus I
55 - 72
  20th King
72 - 76
          21st King
Corbredus II 'Galdus'
76 - 110
          22nd King
110 - 113
23rd King
113 - 149
            24th King
149 - 163
25th King
Ethodius I
163 - 195
26th King
195 - 199
27th King
Donald I
199 - 216
              28th King
Ethodius II
216 - 231
              29th King
231 - 242
              31st King
253 - 264
32nd King
Donald II
264 - 265
33rd King
Donald III
265 - 277
  (son) 30th King
242 - 253
              34th King
277 - 301
(son) (son) (son) 35th King
301 - 348
                36th King
Romachus 348 - 351
37th King
351 - 354
38th King
354 - 357
39th King
Eugenius I
357 - 360

The Scots Of Dal Riata

   Eugenius I, son of Fincormachus, was a valiant and just King. According to the "Appendix To The History Of Scotland": "He was slain in battel by the Picts and Romans in the 3d year of his reign, and the whole Scotish nation was utterly expelled the Ile by the Picts and Romans, and remained in exile about the space of 44 years."

   Then: "Fergus the Second, Erthus sonís son to Ethodius, Eugenius the first his brother, returning into Scotland, with the help of the Danes and Gothes, and his own countrymen, who were gathered to him out of all countries where they were dispersed, conquered his kingdom of Scotland again out of the Romans and Picts hands."

   The Irish born son of Erc, Fergus II, included by Buchanan in this genealogy, would correspond to the Fergus Mor Mac Erc included in most other genealogies of the Kings of Scotland.

40th King
Fergus II
404 - 420
 41st King
Eugenius II
420 - 452
42nd King
452 - 457
43rd King
Constantine I
457 - 479
  44th King
Congallus I
479 - 501
    45th King
Goranus (Conramus)
501 - 535
  46th King
Eugenius III
535 - 558
47th King
Congallus II
558 - 569
48th King
569 - 570
49th King
570 - 605
    50th King
Kenethus I Kier
605 - 606
  51st King
Eugenius IV
606 - 621
        52nd King
Ferquhard I
(Ferchard I)

621 - 632
53rd King
Donald IV
632 - 646
54th King
Ferquhard II
(Ferchard II)
646 - 664
56th King
Eugenius V
684 - 688
          55th King
664 - 684
57th King
Eugenius VI
688 - 697
             58th King
697 - 699
59th King
Eugenius VII
699 - 715
              60th King
715 - 730
61st King
730 - 761
              62nd King
Eugenius VIII
761 - 764
63rd King
Fergus III
764 - 767
65th King
787 - 819
66th King
Congallus (Convallus)
819 - 824
              64th King
767 - 787
  68th King
831 - 834
              67th King
824 - 831

The House Of Alpin

   Kenneth Mac Alpin is generally given the credit of uniting the Picts and Scots into one nation: Scotland. For that reason, Kenneth is also generally acknowledged to have been the actual first king of Scotland. According to the "Appendix To The History Of Scotland": "Kenneth the second, surnamed the Great, succeeded to his father Alpinus, in the year of the world, 4804. In the year of Christ, 834. A good and valiant Prince. He utterly overthrew the Picts in divers battels, expelled them out of the land, and joined the kingdom of the Picts to the crown of Scotland."

   In 843, Kenneth was crowned king at Scone, upon Moot Hill, a sacred place revered by the Picts, the Celtic tribe from which his mother descended. The new kingdom of the united Scots and Picts was proclaimed as Scotia, but was more commonly known as Alba.

   The numbering of the kings, as devised by Buchanan, will continue in this listing with Kenneth Mac Alpin as the 69th King, despite the fact that he is often considered to actually have been the 1st true Scottish King.

69th King
Kenneth II (The Great)
834 - 854
        70th King
Donald V
854 - 859
71st King
Constantine II
859 - 874
72nd King
Ethus (Alipes)
874 - 876
m Olaf the White
King of Dublin
m Aed
King of Ireland
m Rum
King of Strathclyde
73rd King (joint)
(Gregory (The Great)
876 - 893
74th King
Donald VI
893 - 904
75th King
Constantine III
904 - 943
King of Strathclyde
  73rd King (joint)
876 - 893
76th King
Malcolm I
943 - 952
Cellach (daughter)
m Olaf
King of York
  77th King
952 - 961
78th King
961 - 966
  80th King
Kenneth III
970 - 994
  Olaf Eochaid 79th King
966 - 970
82nd King
996 - 1004
King of Strathclyde
Dungal     83rd King
Malcolme II
1004 - 1034
81st King
Constantine IV
994 - 996
Gillacomean Givic Bodhe     Beatrix (Bethoc)
m Crinan, Abbot of Dunkeld
mSigurd the Stout, Earl of Orkney
m Findlaech, Mormaer of Moray
    (son) Gruoch
m 1st Gillacomean
m 2nd Macbeth
  84th King
Duncane I
1034 - 1040
Maldred Thorfin 85th King
1040 - 1057
  86th King
Malcolme III (Cammoir)
1057 - 1093
87th King
Donal VII
1093 - 1094
& (joint with Edmund)
1095 - 1097

The House Of Dunkeld

   The House of Dunkeld commenced as the ruling family of Scotland with the marriage of Beatrix, or Bethoc, a daughter of Malcolm II, to Crinan, the lay Abbot of Dunkeld. The marriage of Malcolm III (son of Duncan I and Sibylla of Northumbria), to Ingibiorg, and then to Margaret, daughter of Edward the Outlaw (and granddaughter of Edward Ironside, King of England) resulted in a line of Kings of Scotland who ruled from 1058 to 1290. Ingibiorg bore Malcolm four children, of whom one ruled as king. Margaret bore Malcolm eight children, of whom four ruled as king. Malcolm II was commonly known as Caenn Mor (i.e. Big Head).

Malcolm III                                  
Malcolm 88th King
Duncane II
1094 - 1095
Donald (daughter) Matilda
Henry I
King of England
Mary Edward 89th King
1098 - 1107
87th King
(joint with Donald Bane)
1094 - 1097
Etheldred 90th King
Alexander I (Fearce)
1107 - 1124
91st King
David I
1124 - 1153
                      Malcolm Claricia Henry Hodierna      
                          92nd King
Malcolme IV (The Maiden)
1153 - 1165
93rd King
William I (the Lion)
1165 - 1214
(see below - Houses of Balliol & Bruce)
Ada Matilda
                            94th King
Alexander II
1214 - 1249
Margaret Isabel Marjorie
                            95th King
Alexander III
1249 - 1285
                            Alexander David Margaret
m Eric II King of Norway
1285 - 1290

The House Of Balliol & Bruce

   As noted in the foregoing chart, Buchanan did not acknowledge Margaret as a monarch of Scotland; she was a ruler nontheless. For two years following the death of Queen Margaret (1290 - 1292) no monarch ruled Scotland. That period is known as the Interregnum.

   The "Appendix To The History Of Scotland" denies the succession of Margaret to the throne of Scotland. According to that genealogy: "After the death of Alexander the third, which was in the year of the World, 5255, in the year of Christ, 1285, there were six Regents appointed to rule Scotland: For the South-side of Forth were appointed Robert the Archbishop of Glasgow, John Cummin, and John the Great Steward of Scotland: For the North-side of Forth, Mak-duffe Earl of Fife, John Cummin Earl of Buchan, and William Fraser Archbishop of St. Andrews, who ruled the Land about the space of seven years, until the controversy was decided betwixt John Balliol and Robert Bruyse, grandfather to Robert Bruyse the King of Scotland, who did come of the two eldest daughters of David Earl of Huntingdon; for Henry Hastings, who married the youngest daughter, put not in his suit or claim with the rest, and therefore there is little spoken of him." "John Balliol was preferred before Robert Bruyse to be King of Scotland, by Edward the 1st, surnamed Longshanks, King of England, who was chosen to be the Judge of the controversy; which preferment was upon a condition, that John Balliol should acknowledge King Edward the 1st as superior; which condition, like an unworthy man, he received."

David (Grandson of David I)                          
John Henry Margaret
m Alan of Galloway
m Robert Bruce
Robert Ada Matilda              
m John Balliol
    96th King
John Balliol
1293 - 1306
Earl of Carrick
    99th King
Edward Balliol
1332 - 1371
97th King
Robert Bruyse
1306 - 1330
      98th King
David II
1330 - 1332
John Matilda Margaret Marjory
m Walter the Steward
              100th King
Robert II (Bleare-eye)
1371 - 1390
Earl of Strathern
Earl of Athol
Earle of Buchan, Lord Badzenoth
101st King
Robert III (John Farnezeir)
1390 - 1406
Earl of Fife and Monteith
                    David 102nd King
James I
1424 - 1437
Murdo Steward
1420 - 1424

The House Of Stuart

   The House of Stuart began with the union of Marjory, daughter of Robert Bruce, and Walter 'the Steward'. According to the "Appendix To The History Of Scotland": "Robert Bruyse began to reign in the year of the World, 5276, in the year of Christ 1306, a valiant, good and wise King. In the beginning of his reign, he was subject to great misery and affliction, being oppressed by England; but at length, having overcome and vanquished Edward the 2d, King of England, commonly called Edward of Carnarvon, at the field of Bannock-burne, he delivered Scotland from the wars of England, and set it at full liberty, all Englishmen by force being expelled from the Land. He married first Isabel, daughter to the Earl of Mar, who bare unto him Marjory, the wife of Walter, the Great Steward of Scotland; from whom, and the offspring of the Stewards, the King now ruling is descended."

   The genealogy presented in the book, "An Appendeix To The History Of Scotland" ended with James VI. Upon the death of Queen Elizabeth I, King James VI succeeded to the Crown of England as King James I.

James I            
103rd King
James II
1437 - 1460
Margaret Elizabeth Jeane Eleanor Mary Anabella
104th King
James III
1469 - 1489
Earl of Mar
Duke of Albany
105th King
James IV
1489 - 1514
106th King
James V
1514 - 1543
(son) (son) 107th Monarch
1543 - 1567
    108th King
James VI
(James I of England)
1567 - 1589