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         John Dickinson proposed sending a letter to King George III to explain that the colonists were not objecting to him or Britain, but it was the Parliament to which their hatred was directed. Although not supported wholeheartedly by all of the delegates assembled in Congress, the majority agreed that it might help to prevent bloodshed and certainly could not hurt. The letter was given the name of the Olive Branch Petition since it was a sort of 'olive branch' that was being extended toward the monarch. The petition was sent on 05 July 1775, and by 09 November news was received back that the king had refused to receive it.

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