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     The American Army under the command of General George Washington had moved southward from the vicinity of New York City following the Battle of White Plains and took up a defensive position on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware River opposite the town of Trenton. British General Howe had pursued the American Patriots to Trenton, but was unable to cross the river because the Americans had commandeered all the available boats in the region. Colonel Johann Rall was left at Trenton with a force of 1,500. On Christmas Day, Washington recrossed the Delaware and attacked the Hessians on the morning of the 26th. Over 900 of the Hessian soldiers were taken captive._

"Washington Crossing the Delaware" by Emanuel Leutze
(Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY)

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