The ancestry of Jean Hay, wife of Willielmo / William de Muirhead, can be traced fairly accurately back to Alan, Seneschal of Dol and Dinan in Brittany, on the western coast of France, born in the year 1012. But it can also be traced on further back to the legendary mists of the Trojan Empire in the 5th Century B.C. ~ to Antenor, an Elder of Troy and King of the Cimmerians of Scythia. And, if the mythological genealogies of ancient Asia Minor and the Biblical lands can be trusted to provide accurate information, Jean’s lineage can be traced on back to the Biblical Adam and Eve. (Please note: The following genealogy is based on a combination of Biblical, mythical and traditional genealogies. There has been no intention of vouching for the accuracy or validity of the information. The names of the direct line members from Adam and Eve to Jean Hay are hightlighted in italic letters. Certain lines are extended beyond the direct line for the sake of their interest.)(7.41)

  Adam and Eve, according to Biblical sources, gave birth to a number of children, five of whose names have been recorded: Qayin (variously, Cain), Hevel, (variously, Abel), Sheth, (variously, Seth, Set, Sed and Sat-naal), Noraia, and Lebhudha (variously, Laphura). According to certain cultures, Qayin / Cain and Hevel / Abel were believed to have had twin sisters: Luluwa for Qayin / Cain, and Aklemia for Hevel / Abel. The female, Noraia is sometimes stated as the twin sister of Sheth / Seth. Adam is claimed to have lived to the age of 930 years, having been ‘born’ in the year 5500 B.C. Some researchers have adhered to the traditional date of 4004 B.C. If the ‘traditional’ dating were used, Adam’s death would have occurred in the year 3070 B.C.

  Sheth, the third son of Adam and Eve, lived for 912 years. In the lore of the Pre-Sumerian culture of the Anunnaki, Sheth correlated with Sati (aka He Who Life Binds Again). His birth is believed to have taken place in the year 3870 B.C. Sheth married Kalimath Azura (variously, Aklia, Climia Aklemia and Kali Azura), a daughter of Lilith, Adam’s consort before the arrival of Eve. Certain scholars assign (Kalimath) Azura as a daughter of Adam and Eve, and sister to Sheth. Sheth and Kalimath gave birth to two children: Enosh and Neom. Sheth died about 2978 B.C.

  Enosh  (variously, Enos and Anosh), son of Sheth and Kalimath, was born in 3765 B.C. and is believed to have lived 905 years. In Anunnaki lore, Enosh was known as Enshi (aka Master of Humanity). Enosh married Neom (variously, Noam), his sister and the daughter of Sheth and Kalimath Azura. They gave birth to two sons, Cainan and Barakiel, and a daughter, Mualeleth. Enosh died about 2860 B.C.

  Barakiel, son of Enosh, had a daughter named Dinah, who would marry Mahalaleel, son of Cainan.

  Cainan  (variously, Kenan or Keinan), son of Enosh, lived to the age of 910 years, estimated to have been from 3679 B.C. to 2769 B.C. In Anunnaki lore, Cainan was known as Kunin (aka He Of The Kilns). Cainan married Mualeleth, his sister and a daughter of Enosh and Neom, children of Sheth. They gave birth to two sons: Mahalaleel and Rashujal.

  Mahalaleel  (variously, Mahabeel), son of Cainan, lived to the age of 895 years, estimated to have been from 3609 B.C. to 2714 B.C. In Anunnaki lore, Mahalaleel was known as Malalu (aka He Who Plays). He married Dinah and they gave birth to two sons: Jared and Danel.

  Danel, son of Mahalaleel and Dinah, had a daughter: Edna. Edna would marry Enoch, son of Jared.

  Jared  (variously, Jered), son of Mahalaleel and Dinah, reached the age of 962, estimated to have been from 3544 B.C. to 2582 B.C. In Anunnaki lore, Jared was known as Irid (aka He Of The Sweet Waters). Jared married Baraka. His sons were Enoch and Azrial.

  Azrial, son of Jared and Baraka, had a daughter, Edna.

  Enoch  (variously, Henoch), son of Jared, lived 365 years, from 3382 B.C to 3017 B.C. In Anunnaki lore, Enoch was known as Enki-Me (aka By Enki Me Understanding). Enoch married his kinswoman, Edna, daughter of Danel. They gave birth to two sons: Barakill and Methuselah.

  Barakill, son of Enoch and Edna, had a daughter, Betenos, who would marry Lamech.

  Methuselah  (variously, Mathusala), son of Enoch, lived for 969 years, from 3317 B.C. to 2348 B.C. In Anunnaki lore, Methuselah was known as Matushal (aka Who By The Bright Waters Raised). He married Edna, daughter of Azrial, and had three sons: Lamech, Rake El, and Eliakim.

  Rake El, son of Methuselah and Edna, had a daughter, named Emzara, who would marry her kinsman, Noah, son of Lamech.

  Eliakim, son of Methuselah and Edna, had a daughter, named Sedeqetelebab, who would marry her kinsman, Shem, son of Noah.

  Lamech, son of Methuselah and Edna, lived for 777 years, from 3130 B.C. to 2353 B.C. In Anunnaki lore, Lamech was known as Lu-Mach (aka Mighty Man) or Ubartutu. Lamech married Betenos (variously, Ashmua), daughter of Barakill, and granddaughter of Enoch and Edna. Lamech and Betenos gave birth to Noah.

  Noah  (variously, Noe), son of Lamech, was born circa 2948 B.C. He died in 1998 B.C. In Anunnaki lore he was known as Ziusudra (aka He Of Long Bright Lifedays), and Utnapishtim (aka Respite). Noah married Emzara, and they gave birth to three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.

  Ham (variously Cham), son of Noah and Emzara, is believed to have sired thirty sons, including Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan.

  Cush, son of Ham, was the father of six children: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, Sabtecha, and Nimrod. It was the son, Nimrod, who founded the kingdom of Babylon, and who is credited with directing the construction of the Tower of Babel.

  Canaan, son of Ham, was the father of eleven sons, nine of which are known only by the name of their tribes: Zidon, Heth, the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

  Japheth(variously, Iafeth), son of Noah and Emzara, was born in the year 1244 B.C. Before his death in the year 1846 B.C., Japheth is believed to have sired fifteen sons, including those listed below. The descendants of Japheth gave rise to the great empire of Scythia.
     According to the Historium Britonum by the Welshman, Nennius, who is believed to have written his history of the Britons circa 835 A.D., Japheth had a son named Joham from whom the tribes that originally inhabited Europe descended. According to Nennius's Historium the first man to inhabit Europe was Alanus. The generations, from Noah to Alanus, according to Nennius were: Noah; Japheth; Joham; Jobath; Bath; Hisrau; Esraa; Ra; Aber; Aoth, Ethec; Aurthack; Bethactus; Mair; Semion; Boibus; Thoi; Ogomuin; Fethuir; and then Alanus. Alanus’s mother was Rhea Silvia, who also descended from Japheth through her ancestor, Juuin. Alanus was the father to three sons: Hisicion, Armenon and Neugio. Hisicion was father to Francus, from whom the Franks descended; Romanus, from whom the Latins descended; Alamanus, from whom the Germans descended; and Brutus, from whom the Britons descended. Armenon was father to Gothus, from whom the Gothi descended; Valagothus, from whom the Valagothi descended; Cibidus, from whom the Cividi descended; Burgundus, from whom the Brudundi descended; and Longobardus, from whom the Longobardi descended. Neugio was father to Vandalus, from whom the Vandali descended; Saxo, from whom the Saxones descended; and Boganus, from whom the Bogari descended. The author stated that this was one of the ancient traditions, but that there were also other traditions to explain the origin of the Britons.
     According to the Leabhar Gabhala Earrainn, i.e. The Book Of Invasions, by an unknown author, circa 1150 AD, the various progenitors of the tribes that would eventually inhabit Europe were not the descendants of Alanus, some eighteen generations distant from Japheth. Instead, the author of that history associated the various tribe progenitors as the sons and grandsons of Elinus and great-great-grandsons of Japheth. According to the Leabhar Gabhala Earrainn, the generations from Noah to Elinus were: Noah; Japheth; Ibath; Bodb; Dohe; Elinus.
     The children of Japheth included: Gomer; Magog (from whom descended the Scythia and Gothi, according to the Historium Britonum by Nennius, ca 835 AD.); Madai (variously, Madei), (from whom descended the Medi); Javan (variously, Jaran), (from whom descended the Greeks); Tubal (from whom descended the Hebrei, Hispani and Itali); Meshech (variously, Mesech), (from whom descended the Cappadocces); Tiras (from whom descended the Thraces); Dannai; Grecus (from whom descended Grecia Magna, Grecia Parva and Alexandrian Greece, according to the Leabhar Gabhala Earrainn, ca 1150 AD.); and J. Hispanus (from whom descended the Hispani, according to the Leabhar Gabhala Earrainn).

  Gomer, son of Japheth, had three sons: Askamaz, Riphath, and Tugarna.

  Magog, son of Japheth, was given a portion of the lands that his father received from his father, Noah, after the waters of the Deluge receded. The portion that Japheth gave to his son, Magog included the region that would become known as Scythia in Asia Minor. Magog had three sons: Baoth (variously, Baath), Johnath, and Fathachta. To Baoth he gave the region of Scythia. Thereby, Baoth was the first Scythian King. Baoth had a son, Phoniusa Farsaidh (variously, Feniusa Forsa). Phoniusa had two sons: Nenuall and Niul.

  Javan, son of Japheth, had four sons: Elisha, Tarshish, Kittin, and Dodanim.

  Shem  (variously, Sem), son of Noah and Emzara, was born in the year 2454 B.C., and died in 1842 B.C. He married Sedeqetelebab, a daughter of Eliakim, and granddaughter of Methuselah and Edna. Shem is believed to have sired twenty-seven sons, including: Elam, Asshur (variously, Asser), Arphaxad, Lud (variously, Loeb), Aram, Uz, Hul (variously, Hoel), Gether (variously, Gheter), Meshech (variously, Mechec), and Persius.

  Arphaxad  (variously, Arpachshad), son of Shem and Sedeqetelebab, was born in 2342 B.C. He was known as Arphaxad of Arrapachtis. He married Rasueja of Ur, a daughter of Elam. Arphaxad and Rasueja gave birth to a son: Shelah. Arphaxad died in 1904 B.C. It should be noted that some genealogical records assign a second son, Canaan, to Arphaxad (e.g. the Bible, Luke 3), but others assign Canaan to Ham (e.g. the Bible, I Chronicles 1).

  Shelah, son of Arphaxad and Rasueja, married Mu’ak of Ur. They gave birth to Eber.

  Eber  (variously, Heber), son of Shelah and Mu’ak, was born in the year 2277 B.C. He died in 1813 B.C. His two sons were Phaleg and Yoktan.

  Phaleg  (variously Peleg, Phalec or Falikh), was born in the year 2243 B.C. He died in the year 2004 B.C. He was known as Falikh of Babylon. Phaleg had two sons: Reu and Kaper (variously, Kaber).

  REU  (variously, Ragau), son of Phaleg, was born in 2213 B.C. He died in 1974 B.C. His son was Serug.

  Serug  (variously, Saruch), son of Reu, was born in 2181 B.C. he died in 1951 B.C. Serug married Melka, daughter of Kaper, his uncle. Serug and Melka gave birth to Nammu, Engur, and Nahor. Serug was a Governor of Ur.

  Nahor  (variously, Nachor), son of Serug and Melka, was born in 2151 B.C. He died in 2003 B.C. His children were Sulgi, Dungi, and Terah.

  Terah  (variously, Tara or Thara), son of Nahor, was born in the year 2122 B.C. He died in 1917 B.C. Terah married Amethelo Or Unk and they gave birth to: Haran, Abraham, Nahor and Sarah.

  Nahor, son of Terah and Amethelo Or Unk, married Milcah (variously, Melcha), a daughter of Haran, son of Terah. They gave birth to a son, Bethuel.

  Bethuel, son of Nahor and Milcah, married Naharaim. They gave birth to a son, Laban, and a daughter, Rebecca, who married Isaac bin Abraham.

  Abraham  (variously, Abram), son of Terah and Amethelo Or Unk, married his sister Sarah (variously, Sarai), and they gave birth to Isaac. Abraham lived for 175 years. Sarah lived for 127 years. Abraham had a son, Ishmael, by Hagar (variously, Hagara). And he also had six children by his servant Keturah: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.

  Isaac, son of Abraham and Sarah, was born in the year 1922 B.C. He died in 1742 B.C. Isaac married Rebecca (variously, Rebekah or Rebechak), daughter of Bethuel and Naharaim. Isaac and Rebecca gave birth to two sons: Jacob and Esau.

  Esau, son of Isaac and Rebecca, married Malhalath, daughter of Ishmael. They gave birth to: Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.

  Jacob, son of Isaac and Rebecca, was born about the year 1892 B.C. He was about 147 years of age when he died in 1745 B.C. He married two women, his beloved Rachel, and the eldest daughter of Laban, Leah and had children to them and also to their handmaidens, Bilhah and Zilpah, respectively. To Leah, the eldest daughter of Laban, were born: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah. Rachel could not bear children, and so she offered her maid, Bilhah to Jacob. To Bilhah were born: Dan and Naphtali. Leah then offered her maid, Zilpah to Jacob. To Zilpah were born: Gad and Asher. Leah then bore two more sons, Issachar and Zebulin, and a daughter, Dinah. Rachel eventually bore children to Jacob. To Rachel, the youngest daughter of Laban, were born: Joseph and Benjamin. Because Laban had not wanted to part with his youngest daughter Rachel, with whom Jacob fell in love, he tricked Jacob into entering into a period of seven years service for her hand in marriage. But he also tricked him into accepting the hand of his eldest daughter, Leah, before he might have Rachel, by telling Jacob that it was his people’s custom that the eldest daughter must be married first before a younger one. And on top of the insult, Laban insisted that Jacob work for seven years for Leah also. After the fourteen years of service to Laban, he remained an additional six years and amassed great wealth. This led to some friction between Jacob and Laban, and so at length Jacob left his house and set out for Canaan. He sent greetings to his brother, Esau. In return a messenger told Jacob that Esau was sending four hundred soldiers to greet him. Jacob feared that the news meant that Esau wished to engage him in battle, and he was distressed. Jacob spent that night in prayer, and during his praying, an angel of the Lord came and wrestled with Jacob. Because of the strength of his faith in the wrestling with the angel of the Lord, the Lord changed his name to Israel (i.e. wrestler with God).

  Judah, son of Jacob/Israel and Leah, was born in the year 1805 B.C. Judah and the daughter of Shua, the Canaanitess, gave birth to three sons: Er, Onan and Shelah. Then with Tamar, his daughter-in-law, Judah gave birth to twin sons: Pharez (variously Phares) and Zerah (variously, Zarah). Judah, King of Goshen, died in 1676 B.C.

  Phares, son of Judah and Tamar, was born in 1751 B.C. He had two sons: Hezron and Hamul.

  Hezron (variously, Esrom), son of Phares, married the daughter of Nachit, and they gave birth to Aram.

  Aram (variously, Ram), son of Hezron, married Miss, and they gave birth to Aminadab.

  Aminadab, son of Aram and Miss had a son, Naasson.

  Naasson (variously, Nahshon), son of Aminadab, was a Prince of Judah. His son was Salmon.

  Salmon, son of Naasson, married Rachab, and they gave birth to Boaz.

  Boaz (variously, Booz), married Ruth, and they gave birth to Obed.

  Obed, son of Boaz, had a son named Jesse.

  Jesse, son of Obed, married Nahash. They gave birth to nine chidlren: Eliab, Abinadab, Chimea, Nethnal, Raddai, Ocem, David, Cerouya, and Abigail.

  David, son of Jesse and Nahash, became King of Israel and Judah. He sired twenty-three children to ten wives. David’s first wife was Michal, the daughter of King Saul. No children were born in that first marriage. David then had a son, Amnon by Ahinoam. His third wife, Abigail, gave him Chileab (variously, Daniel), who died young. The fourth wife, Maachah, a daughter of Talmai, King of Guechour, gave David two children: Absolom and Tamar. Haggith, the fifth wife gave birth to one son: Adonijah. Abital, the sixth wife had Shephatiah (variously, Chefatia). Eglah, wife number seven, gave birth to Ithream (variously, Yitream). The name of David’s eighth wife is not known, but by her was born Ibhar, Elishua (variously, Elishama), Elpalet (variously, Eliphelet), Eliadah (variously, Beeliada), Abishiai, and Nogah. The ninth wife’s name is not known, but by her was born: Japhia, Nepheg, Jerimoth, Asahel and Joab. Jerimoth, son of David, would give birth to a daughter, Mahalath, who married Rehoboam, King of Judah. The tenth and final wife of David was Bathsheba, by whom a son who died young was born, along with Nathan, Shammuah (variously, Shimea), Shobab, and Solomon.

  Solomon, son of David and Bathsheba, was originally named Jedidiah. He was born in the year 1015 B.C. and died in 933 B.C. He reigned as King of Israel and Judah following his father.

  Nathan, son of David and Bathsheba was the progenitor of the lineage to which Joseph, the earthly father of Jesus the Christ, was born. The lineage, following just the males, from Nathan to Joseph is as follows: Nathan, Simeon, Levi, Matthat, Jorim, Eliezer, Joshua, Er, Elmodan, Cosam, Addi, Melchi, Neri, Salathiel (variously, Shealtiel), Zorobabel (variously, Zerubbabel), Rhesa, Joanna (variously, Joanan), Judah, Joseph, Semei, Mattathias, Maaath, Naggae, Esli, Naum (variously, Nahum), Amos, Mattathias, Joseph, Janna (variously, Jannai), Melchi (variously, Melki), Levi, Matthat, Heli, and then Joseph.

  Matthat, son of Levi, had another son, Joseph, who was better known as Joseph of Arimathea. Joseph’s daughter, Anna, had a son named Penardim. Penardim married Llyr Lediaith, and they gave birth to Bran the Blessed. Bran had a son named Caradoc. Caradoc, in turn, had a son named Cyllin. And Cyllin’s son, Croilus was King of the Britons.

  Zerah, son of Judah and Tamar, was born in 1751 B.C. He married Electra Roma, a daughter of Atlas Epher Kittim and Pleione. To Zerah and Electra were born: Zimri, Etahn, Heman, Calcol and Darda. Zerah died in 1529 B.C.

  Darda  (variously, Dara or Dardanus), son of Zerah and Electra, married Princess Batea of Teucri. The Princess Batea was a daughter of King Teucer of the Trojans. To Darda and Princess Batea was born a son, Erichtonius. Darda died in 1414 B.C.

  Erichtonius(variously, Erichthonis), son of Darda and Princess Batea, was King of Dardania. He married Astyoche of Acadia, the daughter of Simoeis. Erichtonius and Astyoche gave birth to a son, Tros of Acadia.

  Tros  of Acadia, son of Erichtonius and Astyoche, was born about the year 1344 B.C. He died in 1281 B.C. Tros was a King of Troy. He married Callirhoe of the Trojans, a daughter of Scamandrus. Tros and Callirhoe gave birth to Illus.

  Illus, son of Tros and Callirhoe, was born in 1315 B.C. Illus was a King of Troy. He married Eurydice of Troy. Illus and Eurydice gave birth to Laemedon. Illus died in 1279 B.C. and Eurydice died in 1281 B.C.

  Laomedon, son of Illus and Eurydice, was born in the year 1285 B.C. He was a King of Troy. Laomedon married Strymo Placia, and they gave birth to Priam, King of Troy and Tithonus. Laomedon died in the year 1235 B.C.

  Tithonus, son of Laomedon and Strymo Placia, had a son, King Memnon of Ethiopia. King Memnon married Troan and they gave birth to King Thor of Thrace.

  Priam, King of Troy, son of Laomedon and Strymo Placia, married Hecuba, daughter of King Dymas of Phrygia. Priam and Hecuba gave birth to Helenus. Priam, King of Troy died in 1183 B.C.

  Helenus, son of Priam, King of Troy and Hecuba, was born in 1225 B.C. Helenus was a King of Epirus. He married Hecuba Andromache, the daughter of King Aetion. Hecuba was born in 1260 B.C. Helenus and Hecuba gave birth to Zenter.

  Zenter  (variously, Genger), son of Helenus and Hecuba Andromache, had a son: Francus. Zenter died after 1149 B.C.

  Francus  (variously, Franco), son of Zenter, had a son named Esdron.

  Esdron, son of Francus, had a son named Zelius.

  Zelius  (variously, Gelio), son of Esdron, had a son. His name was Basebelian I.

  Basebelian I  (variously, Basabiliano), son of Zelius, had a son named Plaserius I.

  Plaserius I   (variously, Plaserio), son of Basebelian I, had a son named Plesron.

  Plesron, son of Plaserius I, had a son named Eliacor.

  Eliacor, son of Plesron, was born in the year 1085 B.C. His son was Zaberian.

  Zaberian  (variously, Gaberiano), son of Eliacor, was born in 1055 B.C. He had a son named Plaserius II.

  Plaserius II   (variously, Plaserio), son of Zaberian, was born in 1025 B.C. His son was Antenor I, King of Troy.

  Antenor I, son of Plaserius II, was born in 995 B.C. He had a son named Priam II.

  Priam II, son of Antenor I, was born in 965 B.C. His son was Helenus II.

  Helenus II, son of Priam II, was born in 935 B.C. He had a son named Plesron II.

  Plesron II(variously, Plbsron), son of Helenus II, was born in 905 B.C. His son was Basebelian II.

  Basebelian II  (variously, Basabiliano), son of Plesron II, was born in 875 B.C. His son was Alexandre.

  Alexandre, son of Basebelian II, had a son named Priam III. Alexandre died in 677 B.C.

  Priam III, son of Alexandre, was born in 815 B.C. His son was Gentlanor.

  Gentlanor  (variously, Getmalor), son of Priam III, was born in 785 B.C. His son was Almadius, King of Cimmerians.

  Almadius  (variously, Almadion), son of Gentlanor, was born in 755 B.C. He was King of the Cimmerians. The Cimmerians of Scythia resided along the shores of the Black Sea in Asia Minor. Almadius had a son named Dilulius I.

  Dilulius I  (variously, Diluglic), son of Almadius, was born in 725 B.C. He, like his father, was King of the Cimmerians. His son was Helenus III.

  Helenus III, son of Dilulius I, was born in 695 B.C. His son was Plaserius III.

  Plaserius III  (variously, Plaserio), son of Helenus III, was born in 665 B.C. His son was Dilulius II.

  Dilulius II &BSP:(variously, Diluglio), son of Plaserius III, was born in 635 B.C. His son was Marcomir.

  Marcomir, son of Dilulius II, was born in 605 B.C. His son was Priam.

  Priam, son of Marcomir, was born in 585 B.C. He had a son named Helenus IV.

  Helenus IV, son of Priam, was born in 555 B.C. His son was Antenor II.

  Antenor II, son of Helenus, was born in 526 B.C. He attained the title of Prince of Ephraim and upon his father’s death, became the King of the Cimmerians. Antenor died in the year 443 B.C. His throne went to his son, Marcomir.

  Marcomir I, son of Antenor II, led his Cimmerian clansmen from the region of the Black Sea to the region now encompassed by Holland, Gelders and West-Friezland. They would eventually cross the Rhine River and conquer the peoples then inhabiting Northern Gaul. Marcomir died in 412 B.C. Marcomir had a son, Antenor.

  Antenor, son of Marcomir, married a woman by the name of Cambra, and they gave birth to a son, Priamus. It was from Cambra’s name that the name of the Sicambri tribe was derived. Antenor died in 385 B.C.

  Priamus, son of Antenor and Cambra, King of the Sicambri, is noted for having established the New Covenant, the Newmage, to the people of northern Europe and Gaul. It was to Priamus that the development of the Saxon language is attributed. Priamus died in 358 B.C. His son was Helenus.

  Helenus, son of Priamus, King of the Sicambri, served as a priest of the Arcadian sea-god, Pallas. He had a son, Diocles. Helenus died in 300 B.C.

  Diocles, son of Helenus, King of the Sicambri, joined with the Saxon tribes in their fight against the Goths and others in southern Gaul. His son was Bassanus Magnus. Diocles died in 300 B.C.

  Bassanus Magnus, son of Diocles, King of the Sicambri, was what was considered a Priest-King. He married a Norwegian princess and sired a son, Clodomir. Bassanus Magnus is noted for having founded the city of Bassanburg in Gaul (now known as Aix la Chapelle). He died in 250 B.C.

  Clodomir I, son of Bassanus Magnus, King of the Sicambri, formed an alliance with the Saxons and Thuringians against the Gauls. He died in 232 B.C. It is believed that Clodomir I was married to Sedanus, his sister. Clodomir I’s son was Nicanor.

  Nicanor, son of Clodomir I, King of the Sicambri, married the daughter of Elidure, a Briton chief. They gave birth to Marcomir. Nicanor died in 196 B.C.

  Marcomir II, son of Nicanor, King of the Sicambri, succeeded in defeating the Romans, Gauls and Goths. It is said that it was Marcomir who set the tale, The Acts Of The Gauls to rhyme. Marcomir II died in 170 B.C. His son was Clodius.

  Clodius I, son of Marcomir II, King of the Sicambri, had a son, Antenor. During his life, the Romans and Gauls continued their invasions against the Sicambrians. Clodius I died in the year 159 B.C.

  Antenor, son of Clodius, King of the Sicambri, is noted for having concluded a treaty of peace with the Gauls. He died in 143 B.C. Antenor’s son was Clodomir II.

  Clodomir II, son of Antenor, King of the Sicambri, had to once more fight the Gauls who broke the treaty they had made with his father. Antenor died in 123 B.C. His son was Merovachus.

  Merovachus, son of Clodomir II, King of the Sicambri, led an army of some 22,000 warriors agaionst the Roman towns in Italy. His victories included the overthrow of the Bohemians. Merovachus died in 95 B.C. He had a son named Cassander.

  Cassander, son of Merovachus, King of the Sicambri, entered into military alliances with King Hamecus of Thuringia and King Arabius of Saxony. He lived to the year 74 B.C. His son was Antharius.

  Antharius, son of Cassander, King of the Sicambri, was harrassed by the armies of Julius Caesar. He died in 39 B.C. Antharius had a son, Francus.

  Francus  (variously, Francio), son of Antharius, King of the Sicambri, issued an edict during his reign changing the name of the tribe from Sicrambri to Franci. The tribe would eventually become known as the Franks. And Francus would be known by the title, King of the Franks. Continuing the alliances created by his predecessors, Francus assembled an army nearly 300,000 strong, composed of Franks, Saxons and Thuringians. He attacked the Romans and successfully withstood their advances. He also established diplomatic relations with the German princes, and entered into a perpetual league with them. Francus died in 11 B.C. His son was Clodius.

  Clodius II  (variously, Clogio), son of Francus, King of the Franks, died in the year 20 A.D. His son was Marcomir III.

  Marcomir III, son of Clodius II, King of the Franks, died in 50 A.D. His son was Clodomir.

  Clodomir, son of Marcomir III, King of the Franks, drove Nero’s Roman legions out of the regions of Metz and Trier. He died in the year 63. His son was Antenor.

  Antenor, son of Clodomir, King of the Franks, died in 69. His son was Ratherius.

  Ratherius, son of Antenor, King of the Franks, ratified a league with the Germans and the Saxons. He established the city of Rotterdam. Ratherius died in the year 90. His son was Richemer.

  Richemer  (variously, Richemel), son of Ratherius, King of the Franks, founded the city of Brandenburg. His reign saw continued warfare against the Romans and the Goths. He died in 114. Richemer married Ascyla. His son was Odomar.

  Odomar, son of Richemer, King of the Franks, obtained a peace treaty with the Romans and the Goths. He died in the year 128. His son was Marcomir IV.

  Marcomir IV, son of Odomar, King of the Franks, married Athildis of Camulod. She was born in the year 90, a sister of the Briton King Lleiffer Mawr. Marcomir founded the city of Marpurg in the region of Hesse. Marcomir died in 149; Athildis died in 129. Marcomir and Athildis gave birth to Clodomir.

  Clodomir IV, son of Marcomir IV, King of the Franks, and Athildis, married Basilda. She was a daughter of the King of the Rugij. Certain scholars give her name as Hafilda. Clodomir died in 166. His son was Farabert.

  Farabert, son of Clodomir, King of the Franks, and Basilda, renewed the league that had been established with the Germans by his ancestors. He died in 186. His son was Sunno.

  Sunno  (variously, Sanno), the son of Farabert, King of the Franks, had to contend with rekindled war with the Romans and Goths following the breaking of the treaty made by his great-great-grandfather, Odomar. Sunno died in 213. His son was Hilderic.

  Hilderic, son of Sunno, King of the Franks, built the Hildeburg Castle on the Rhine River. He died in 253. His son was Bartherus.

  Bartherus  (variously, Bertherus), son of Hilderic, King of the Franks, took offensive measures against the Romans, leading his army into Italy, as far as Ravena. He also is noted for having razed Aragon. He died in the year 272. His son was Clodius III.

  Clodius III, son of Bartherus, King of the Franks, established the city of Orleans in the year 275 A.D. Clodius died in 298. His son was Walter.

  Walter, son of Clodius III, King of the Franks, died in 306. His son was Dagobert I.

  Dagobert I, son of Walter, King of the Franks, died in 317. He had three sons: Clodius IV, Clodomir V and Genebaud. Clodius, King of the Franks, died in 319.

  Genebaud  (variously, Genebad), son of Dagobert I, King of the Franks, died in 358. As the Duke of the East Franks, Genebaud left descendants through his son Dagobert. Dagobert died in 379; his son was Clodius, who died in 389; his son was Marcomir, who died in 404. Marcomir had a son, Pharamond. This Pharamond became the King of the Franks. He married Argotta, daughter of Genebaud, the great3-grandson of Clodomir V, King of the West Franks. Pharamond died in 425.

  Clodomir V, son of Dagobert I, King of the Franks, died in 337. He bore the title of King of the West Franks. His son was Richemir II.

  Richemir II (variously, Richemel), son of Clodomir V, King of the West Franks, died in 350. Richemir married Matilda. His son was Theodomir.

  Theodomir, son of Richemir II, King of the West Franks, died in 360. His son was Clodius.

  Clodius, son of Theodomir, King of the West Franks, died in 378. He had two sons: Dagobert and Marcomir.

  Dagobert, son of Clodius, King of the West Franks, died in 389. He had three sons: Genobaud, Marcomir and Sunno.

  Genobaud (variously, Genebald), son of Dagobert, King of the West Franks was the father of Princess Argotta. Genobaud died in the year 419.

  Argotta, daughter of Genobaud, King of the West Franks, was the heiress of the Sicrambrian/Frankish throne. Argotta married Pharamond (variously, Faramund), the Duke of the East Franks. Pharamond united the crowns once more to become the King of the Franks. Pharamond and Argotta gave birth to three sons: Clodius of Tournai, Fredemundus and Frotmund.

  Frotmund, son of Pharamond and Argotta, was the ancestral progenitor of the Sires of France, the Comtes de Toulouse, and the House del Acqs.

  Clodius of Tournai (variously, Clodion Crintus), son of Pharamond and Argotta, ruled as the Lord of the West Franks between 430 and 446. He was also titled as the Salian Chief and Neptunis d’Arcadie. He married the widow of King Weldephus of Thuringia, Queen Basina I. They gave birth to two sons: Meroveus, King of the Franks, and Alberica.

  Meroveus (variously, Merovaeus), King of the Franks, son of Clodius and Basina, was born in 415. He married Menra (variously, Verica). Meroveus died in 456. He and Menra gave birth to Childeric I in 436.

  Childeric I, son of Meroveus and Menra, was King of the Franks until his death in 481. He married Basina II. She had previously been married to King Basin of Thuringia. Childreic and Basina gave birth to a son, Clovis, and a daughter, Audofleda. Audofleda married Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths. Theodoric died in the year 526.

  Fredemundus, son of Pharamond and Argotta, had two sons: Nascien I and Saracint.

  Saracint, son of Fredemundus, had a son named Eliezer.

  Nascien I, son of Fredemundus, was known as the Prince of the Septimanian Midi. His son was Celedoin.

  Celedoin, son of Nascien I, was the father of Nascien II of Septimania.

  Nascien II of Septimania, son of Celedoin, was born circa 465. He and his wife gave birth to five children: Zambor, Galains, Chilperic, Gondebaut, and Godefil. Of these sons, little is known about Zambor. And of Godefil, only his death is the year 504 is known.

  Chilperic, son of Nascien II of Septimania, was named King of Burgundy by succeeding Gundioch, son of Tabica. Chilperic died in 504. His daughter, Clotilde married Clovis, son of Childeric and King of the Franks in the year 492. Clovis died in 511. Clotilde survived him by thirty-nine years, dying in 550. From the union of Clovis and Clotilde emerged the Merovingian Kingship.

  Gondebaut, son of Nascien II of Septimania, succeeded his brother Chilperic as King of Burgundy. But he ruled for only a few years, dying in 508.

  Galains, son of Nascien II of Septimania, was born circa 490. He bore the title of Prince of the Midi. He had three sons, one of which was named Jonaans. From his other two sons descended the Count of Liege and the Counts of Ardennes.

  Jonaans, son of Galains, was born circa 515. His son was Lancelot.

  Lancelot, son of Jonaans, was born circa 540. His son was Bors.

  Bors, son of Lancelot, was born circa 570. He married Vivianne del Acqs, born circa 574, the daughter of Taliesin, the ‘Great Bard’ and Viviane (Amlawdd) d’Avallon del Acqs. Taliesin was born circa 544, and Viviane was born circa 549. Taliesin and Viviane gave birth to two children in addition to Vivianne: Morgause d’Acqs and Ygerna d’Acqs. Bors and Vivianne had a son, whom they named Bors. Following Bors’ death, Vivianne married Ban le Benoic de Bretagne, and gave birth to Lancelot del Acqs. This Lancelot would marry Elaine de Corbenic, and their union would produce a son named Galahad and the House of Avallon.

  Bors, the son of Bors and Vivianne, was born circa 600. His son was Lionel.

  Lionel, son of Bors, was born circa 630. He had a son, Alain.

  Alain, son of Lionel, was born circa 660. His son was Froamidus.

  Froamidus, Count of Brittany, and son of Alain, was born circa 690 and died in 762. Froamidus had three children: Frodaldus, Nominoe (who died circa 851), and Rivallon.

  Nominoe, son of Froamidus, bore the title Duc de Bretagne from 826 to 851. He married D’Argentael. They gave birth to Erispoe, Duc de Bretagne between 851 and 857.

  Rivallon, son of Froamidus, had a son, Salomon, who served as Duc de Bretagne from 857 to 870. Salomon married Grimberta, and they gave birth to a daughter who married Gurvand, Comte de Rennes.

  Frodaldus, son of Froamidus, was born circa 720 and died circa 795. He inherited the title of Count of Brittany from his father. Frodaldus’ son was Frotmund.

  Frotmund, son of Frodaldus, was born after 750 and died circa 850. He had a son, Flotharius.

  Flotharius, son of Frotmund, was born circa 780. His son was Adelrad.

  Adelrad, son of Flotharius, was born circa 810. He had a son, Frotbald.

  Frotbald, son of Adelrad, was born circa 840 and died circa 923. His son was Alirad.

  Alirad, son of Frotbald, was born circa 870. He had a son, Frotmund.

  Frotmund, son of Alirad, was born circa 900 and died circa 985. He had a son, Fretaldus.

  Fretaldus, son of Frotmund, was born circa 930, and died in the year 1008. Fretaldus had a son, Frotmundus Vetules.

  Frotmundus Vetules, son of Fretaldus, lived from 960 to 1052 in the region of Europe that would become modern day France. He had a son named Fratmaldus de Bretagne.

  Fratmaldus de Bretagne, son of Frotmundus Vetules, was born in the year 990. Fratmaldus became the seneschal, or dapifer, of Dol. Dol-de-Bretagne was a region in the Ille-et-Vilaine in Brittany, France. It is located on the coast near Dinan and Saint Michel. The Celtic saint, Samson, who had studied under the Welsh abbot Illtyd, arrived at Brittany from Cornwall in the first part of the 6th Century A.D., and founded the monastery at Dol. This was during the reign of the Merovingian King Childebert. About the year 530, Samson was installed as Bishop of Dol. In 845 the bishopric of Dol was elevated to an archbishopric.
     The term dapifer referred to the function and duties of a steward – one who managed the affairs of others. An early definition of the word steward was an ‘officer of account in his jurisdiction.’ The term dapifer more particularly referred to the ‘steward of the King’s household.’ The name steward was derived from the Saxon words stedaweard, meaning ‘a ward or keeper.’ The French used a similar term, seneschal, which referred to the chief justice or magistrate of a district. To Fratmaldus and his wife was born, in the year 1020, a son, to whom they gave the name Alan. Like his father, Alan acquired the sobriquet of seneschal, or dapifer, of Dol.

  Alan, Seneschal of Dol and Dinan, married a lady by the name of Tittensor. They gave birth to three sons: Alan, Flaald and Rhiwallon.

  Alan (aka Alanus Siniscallus), son of Alan and Tittensor, eventually acquired the title of ‘Dapifer of Dol’ after his father’s death. Alan was born circa 1050. Alan was a benefactor of the Abbey of St. Florent de Saumur. He served as a commander in the First Crusade to the Holy Land under the name of Alanus dapifer Dolensis, in the year 1097, which is the year in which he is believed to have died. Alan married, and he and his wife gave birth to a daughter, Emma. Emma married Walter, Thane of Lochaber (the son of Fleance and Princess Nesta of Gwynedd), and they gave birth to a son, Alan of Lochaber. Alan of Lochaber would later marry Adelina, the daughter of Alan fitz Flaald de Hesdin.

  Rhiwallon, son of Alan and Tittensor, went into the service of the Lord and became a monk. He held the title of Abbot of St. Florent de Saumur in the year 1082. Rhiwallon also was appointed to the lordship of Dol in Brittany. He had two sons, William, who became the Abbot of St. Florent in 1102, and John, who also became a monk at St. Florent.

  Flaald fitz Alan, son of Alan and Tittensor, was variously known as Fledaldus. He was born in 1046 at Dol-de-Bretagne. The addition of the name, Fitzalan, to that of Flaald, reflects the French custom of using the pronoun, fitz, (derived from the Norman French word, fils) meaning ‘son of’, before the name of the individual’s father’s given name. The practice is similar to the more popular Scottish custom of using the terms, Mac, Mc, and so forth.
     Certain records state that Flaald fitz Alan married Gwentha of Wales. Flaald and his wife brought a son into the world. This son was named after his paternal grandfather, Alan. (The reader should be cautioned that some researchers erroneously have labeled all the descendants of Alan, dapifer of Dol, with the standardized surname of Fitzalan.)

  Alan fitz Flaald, more properly known as Alan fitz Flaald de Hesdin, Baron of Oswestry, was born in the year 1078 at Dol-de-Bretagne. He was erroneously assumed to be the son of Fleance, son of Banquo, Thane of Lochaber by some of the earliest researchers. Alan grew to manhood and married Aveline, the daughter of Ernulf de Hesdin, and not, as the earliest researchers claimed, Adeliza, a daughter of Sheriff Warine of Shropshire in England. Aveline de Hesdin (variously, Ava), daughter of Ernulf / Arnulf, Seigneur de Hesdin of Flanders was a descendant of Dior, Thane of Lochaber and Kenneth mac Alpin, King of the Scots and Picts. Arnulf entered the Crusade in 1090, and Aveline was named his deputy and heiress. She was titled, Domina de Norton (i.e. Lady of Norton). Alan inherited the position from his father-in-law, and served as the sheriff of Shropshire for a period of time. It is believed that Alan fitz Flaald participated in the Conquest of England by King William the Conqueror in 1066. Because of his service, Alan fitz Flaald was granted the barony and castle of Oswaldestre, Salop and Milcham in Norfolk. A portion of that property had previously belonged to Meredith, Prince of Powys ap Bleddyn, King of Powys. The shreivalty of Shropshire was given to Alan by King Henry I. Alan’s name appears in early manuscripts as being active in the affairs of the church. In one manuscript he was noted as releasing his right sin the church of Guguen to Bartholomew abbot of Marmoutier. Two charters of Henry I confirm the foundation of Holy Trinity Priory in York as a cell of Marmoutier, to which Alan was a witness. He also is noted for having founded the Sporle Priory in Norfolk as a cell of St. Florent de Saumur. He apparently enjoyed King Henry I’s good favors. Alan and Aveline gave birth to three sons and one daughter: William, Walter, Jordan and Adelina. The daughter, Adelina, married Alan of Lochaber (as noted previously). Alan fitz Flaald has been erroneouly noted by some researchers as having died in the year 1114. He actually lived until the year 1177.

  Jordan fitz Alan, son of Alan fitz Flaald and Aveline, was variously known by the name of Simon. Jordan/Simon inherited the hereditary stewardship of Dol in Brittany. He was referred to as Jordan dapifer Dolensis. Jordan married Mary -----, and they gave birth to two sons: Jordan and Alan. Jordan fitz Alan also came to possess the English lands and estates of Tuxford, Burton and Warsop. Because his name was included rather low on the list of witnesses in the Paisley cartulary, it is sometimes assumed that he may not have been a full brother to William and Walter. In the year 1130, Jordan was recorded as making restitution to the priory of Marmoutier, along with his wife, Mary and sons, Jordan and Alan. In 1128/9 Jordan was recorded as Jordanus dapifer, as a witness to a charter to Mont St. Michel. The son, Jordan fitz Jordan, restored a mill at Burton to the priory of St. Florent at Sele. The other son, Alan fitz Jordan appeared in the public records by presenting a gift to the priory of Marmoutier.

  Alan fitz Jordan, son of Jordan fitz Alan and Mary, married Joan ----. They gave birth to three children: Jordan; Olive, who first married Robert de St. John, and secondly Roger de Monbegon of Hornby Castle; and Alice, who married William Espine. Alan fitz Jordan also appears in a charter filed at Savigny in which it is stated that “Alanum filium qundam Jordani Dolensem senescallum.” By that document, he confirmed a grant made by his grandfather, Alan fitz Flaald at Cuguen. Allexander III of Brittany confirmed gifts made by Alan to the abbey of Tiron. This included the church of Sharrington and three additional churches in England. In 1145, Alan fitz Jordan attested a charter of the lord of Dol. In the year 1160 Alan fitz Jordan founded the church at Tronquet. In 1165 he attested a royal charter concerning the release by Geoffrey, son of Oliver de Dinan at Winchester. In 1167, a remonstrance concerning a dispute about the abbey of Vieville in the parish of Epiniac was signed by Alanus filius Jordani dapifer. Joan, the wife of Alan fitz Jordan, and her daughter Olive were recorded as benefactors of the abbey of Vieuville for Alan’s soul. Alan fitz Jordan and Joan’s daughter, Alice married William Espine (variously, Spina). The hereditary sterwardship of Dol passed from Jordan/Simon to Alan, and then to his son-in-law, William Espine. The English estates passed to Alan’s daughter Olive.

  Olive, the daughter of Alan fitz Jordan, was married twice. First, she married Robert de St. John, of St. Jean-le-Thomas. Secondly, she married Roger de Monbegon. The estate she inherited at Nottinghamshire included Tuxford and lands in Walesby, Kirton, West Markham and Warsop. They all had, at one time, been part of the fief of Roger de Busli, which had been granted to that family by Henry I.

  William fitz Alan, son of Alan fitz Flaald and Aveline, was born in the year 1105. William attained the title of Lord Of Oswestry and Sheriff of Shropshire. Early documents show that he acquired Clun Castle by his marriage, and he apparently bestowed its church of St. George and all its dependent churches on the Monmouth Priory. He founded the Priory of Haughmond. William fitz Alan would live to the year 1160, and serve as the ancestral progenitor of the Fitz Alan Earls of Arundel. William married Helen Peverel. She was born circa 1115, the daughter of William Peverel of Oswestrie, in Shropshire, England. The couple gave birth to two sons: Alan and William. The first son, Alan, died as an infant. William fitz William was born in 1136. He married Isabel de Say. Isabel, a daughter of Ingram de Say, the Lord of Clun, was born in 1141. William fitz William died in 1210; Isabel died in 1199.

  The third son of Alan fitz Flaald and Aveline, Walter fitz Alan, is believed by some researchers to have been born circa 1105. Whether he was a twin of William, or whether the researchers are simply off by a year or so is not known. Other researchers give the birthdate of Walter as 1110. The Stewart Society does not give a birthdate for Walter, perhaps because no good proof can be found to define a date. In any case, Walter married Eschyna de Molle (variously, Eschina de Londoniis), a daughter of Thomas de Londoniis and his wife, N. N. de Molle. Eschyna was a granddaughter of Uchtred de Molle. She was the widow of Robert de Croc before her marriage to Walter. Walter fitz Alan is noted for having been named the first ‘High Steward of Scotland’ (i.e. Dapifer Regis Scotiae) by King David I the Saint. He accompanied King David I to Scotland, and was by him appointed to the station of Steward for the country. In what the Highlanders called ‘invasion by invitation’, King David I introduced feudalization to Scotland by his granting land to the Anglo-Norman barons who gave him their loyalty and service. He granted to Walter fitz Alan lands in Renfrewshire and East Lothian. In addition to the title of High Steward of Scotland, Walter was appointed to the position of Chancellor of Treasury Revenues. He was a benefactor of the Knights Templar, and in 1164, during the reign of David I’s grandson, Malcolm IV, founded the Paisley Monastery in Renfrewshire for monks of the Cluny Order. Previously the Order resided at the Convent of Wenlock in Salop. In 1164 the Norse under Somerled, Thane of the Isles invaded the Refrew coast with 160 ships carrying more than 6,000 warriors. Walter led a much smaller force of Scots known as the Household Knights against the Norsemen and defeated them in what was known as the Battle of Renfrew. Somerled was killed in that battle. In 1165 William of Scots succeeded his brother, Malcolm IV, as king. He was ambitious and attempted to regain Northumberland and Cumberland from Henry II. He attacked the English forces at Alnwick in 1174, but was defeated and taken captive. Walter, the High Steward of Scotland took control of the government in King William’s absence.
     Walter fitz Alan and Eschyna gave birth to two sons: Alan, born about the year 1155, and Simon. (It is claimed, albeit without substantial proof, that Simon was the progenitor of the Boyds.) Walter died in the year 1177.

  Alan fitz Walter, son of Walter fitz Alan and Eschina, was married twice, first to Alesta, daughter of Morgund, the Earl of Marr and his wife, Agnes. Morgund was a great3-grandson of Martacus, the 1st Earl of Marr. Alan and Alesta gave birth to two sons: David and Walter. The second wife of Alan was Margaret of Galloway, by whom a daughter, Avelina, was born. Alan succeeded his father to the title of High Steward of Scotland, being known as the 2nd High Steward. He bore the title of Senescallus Regis Scotiae. In 1189, Alan fitz Walter accompanied Richard Coeur de Lion (i.e. Richard the Lionheart) on the Third Crusade to the Holy Land. He died in 1204, and the title went to his son, Walter.

  Walter fitz Alan, son of Alan fitz Walter and Alesta, was born in the year 1190 at Dundonald Castle in Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland. For that reason, he is sometimes referred to as ‘Walter of Dundonald.’ Some researchers give his birth date as 1180. This individual gained the position of High Steward of Scotland upon his father’s death, and was known as the 3rd High Steward. In 1219 Walter raised the status of Paisley Priory to an Abbey. He was also noted as holding the position of Justiciar of Northern Scotland (i.e. north of the Forth). Walter married Beatrix, a daughter of Gilchrist, the 3rd Earl of Angus and his wife, Marjory of Orkney. Beatrix was born in the year 1195. Beatrix’s grandparents on her father’s side were Gilbert of Angus and his second wife, the daughter of Gospatrick III of Dunbar. Gilbert of Angus, (about 1118 to 1187) was the son of Dufugan of Angus. Gilbert’s first wife was N. N. Johnsdotter of Orkney. Beatrix’s grandparents on her mother’s side were Harold II Maddadsson and his wife Gornflaeth Macheth, both descended from Duncan of Dule. Harold II Maddadsson descended from Duncan of Dule, through his son Duncan of Atholl, then his son Crinan of Dunkeld, then his son King Duncan I of Scotland, then his son Maelmuir of Atholl, and then through his son Malcolm ‘Maddad’ of Atholl. Harold II Maddadsson’s wife, Gornflaeth, also descended from Duncan of Dule through his son Duncan of Atholl, then his son Crinan of Dunkeld, then his son King Duncan I of Scotland, then his son King Malcolm III Canmore, then his son King Alexander I, and the through his son Malcolm Macheth. Likewise, both of Beatrix’s grandparents descended from Kenneth mac Alpin, the first king of the Picts and Scots through Crinan of Dunkeld’s marriage to Beatrice of Scone. Beatrice of Scone was a daughter of King Malcolm II, who was a son of King Kenneth II, who was a son of King Malcolm I, who was a son of King David I of Scotland, who was a son of King Constantine II of Scotland, who was a son of Kenneth Mac Alpin, King of the Scots and Picts. Students of Scottish history will note that Kenneth was the son of Alpin, King of Dalriada, and Urgusia of the Picts, and it was Kenneth who ‘united’ the two kingdoms.
     Beatrix would give Walter fitz Alan three sons: Alexander, John and Walter and three daughters: Margaret, Euphemen, and N. N. Walter fitz Alan, the 3rd High Steward of Scotland, was the first to establish the title of ‘Steward’ as his surname, changing the last letter from a ‘d’ to a ‘t’: Stewart. His sons, and their descendants would use that name as their family surname, although the line that would eventually gain the English throne would change the spelling to Stuart. Walter fitz Alan/Stewart died in 1241 (some researchers give 1246 as the date).

  John Stewart, son of Walter fitz Alan/ Stewart and Beatrix, was killed at Damietta in the year 1249.

  Walter Stewart, son of Walter fitz Alan/ Stewart and Beatrix, was given the title 1st Earl of Menteith. Walter married Mary, the sister of Isabella, the Countess of Menteith (the daughter of Maurice, 3rd Earl of Monteith). The couple gave birth to two sons: Alexander and John. The title of 1st Earl of Menteith was adjudged to Walter in 1258; he was confirmed in it in the year 1285. Walter died in 1295.

  Alexander Stewart, the 6th Earl of Menteith, son of Walter and Mary, married Maud (variously, Matilda). They gave birth to: Alan, Piers, Murdoch, and Alexander.

  Alan Stewart, son of Alexander and Maud Stewart, inherited the title of the 7th Earl of Menteith. He married Marjory. Alan and Marjory gave birth to Mary Stewart, Countess of Menteith. Mary married Sir John Graham, who inherited the title of the 9th Earl of Menteith.

  Murdoch Stewart, son of Alexander and Maud Stewart, bore the title of the 8th Earl of Menteith. Murdoch married Alice.

  Alexander Stewart, son of Walter fitz Alan / Stewart and Beatrix, was born in either 1214 or 1215. According to research done by David Grosset, Alexander was born in Dundonald Castle in Dundonald, Ayrshire. He acquired the title of 4th High Steward upon the death of his father, Walter. He is noted as having participated in one of the Crusades. And he served as a co-Regent during the beginning of King Alexander III’s reign. In the year 1263 Norsemen invaded Scotland once more and arrived at Clydeside. Alexander, the 4th High Steward commanded the Scottish army in the Battle of Largs against King Haakon of Norway. For his service, King Alexander appointed Alexander, Lord of Garflies, Galloway. Alexander was married twice. His first wife was Jean McCrory, a daughter of James MacCrory, known as Angus Lord of Bute and Arran of the Isles, who, it should be noted, was a son of King Somerled II MacGillabride of the Isles and his wife Ragnhilda Olofsdatter of Man. Jean was born in the year 1220. Alexander and Jean gave birth to John and James. Alexander’s second wife is known to us only by the initials: N. N. To Alexander and his second wife, were born two children: a daughter, also known only by her initials, N. N., who married Alexander de Lindsay; and another daughter, Elizabeth. Alexander died in 1283.

  John Stewart, son of Alexander and Jean Stewart, would gain a knighthood and through marriage, the estate of Bonkyl, to be known as Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl. He married Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander de Bonkyl in Berwickshire, England. She was the heiress to the family estate. Between them were born six sons: Alexander, Alan, Walter, James, John and Robert. A daughter, Isabel, was also born to John and Margaret; she married Sir Thomas Randolph 1st Earl of Moray. Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl was killed in the Battle of Falkirk in the year 1298.

  James Stewart, son of Alexander and Jean Stewart, would succeed his father as 5th High Steward in the year 1283. In 1286 he would serve as one of the six Regents (and Guardian of the Realm) of Scotland upon the death of Princess Margaret of Scotland, daughter of King Alexander III and Margaret, the daughter of Henry III Plantagenet of England. When the threat of English domination became apparent, James became a supporter of Robert Bruce. James was born circa 1243, and was married three times. His first wife was Ada, by whom he gained no offspring. The second wife was Cecilia of Dunbar and March. She was the daughter of Patrick, Earl of Dunbar and March and his wife, Christina Bruce. To James and Cecilia were born two sons: Andrew and Walter. Andrew died young, before his father, and therefore the title of High Steward was inherited by the second son, Walter. James’ third wife was Egidia (variously given as Edigia) de Burgh. Sometimes referred to as ‘Jill’, she was a sister to Richard de Burgh, the Earl of Ulster. Her parents were Walter de Burgh, the 1st Earl of Ulster, and Avelina fitz John. Walter de Burgh was a son of Richard de Burgh and Egidia de Lacy. Avelina fitz John was a daughter of Sir John fitz Geoffrey of Yorkshire and Isabel Bigod. To James and Egidia were born two children: Edigia, who married William Douglas in 1387 and died in 1392; and James, who acquired the title of Sir James of Durisdeer. Certain scholars give Edigia’s name as Jill, and note that she married Alexander of Menzies, rather than William Douglas. It also should be noted that some researchers attach another son, Sir John, to this James, but to which wife is not known for certain. That son was killed in the Battle of Dundalk in 1318. James Stewart, the 5th High Steward of Scotland, died in the year 1309.

  The second son of James Stewart, the 5th High Steward of Scotland and his second wife Cecilia, Walter, was born in 1293 at Dundonald Castle. Walter, the 6th High Steward of Scotland married Marjory Bruce, the daughter of Robert the Bruce. Their union resulted in the birth of Robert, who would be christened Robert II, King of Scotland (Robert the Bruce having been King Robert I). During his adulthood, Walter served as a Regent of Scotland, and he commanded Scottish forces at the Battle of Bannockburn on 23 June 1314. Walter’s second wife was Isabella Graham, the daughter of Sir John Graham of Abercorn. To their union were born: John, Andrew, and Egidia. Walter died on 09 April 1327 in Bathgate Castle in West Lothian, Scotland.

  King Robert II, son of Walter and Marjory Stewart, was born at Paisley on 02 March 1316. His mother, Marjory, daughter of Robert the Bruce, died in giving birth to Robert, after having sustained a fall from a horse. Robert married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth Mure, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan, whom he married in 1347. The second wife of Robert Stewart was Eupheme Ross, the daughter of Hugh, 4th Earl of Ross. Robert Stewart served as the Guardian of the Realm during King David II’s minority. He was acknowledged as the 7th High Steward of Scotland, and was crowned King at the age of fifty-four in the year 1371. He would rule until 1384, at which time he handed the crown to his heir apparent, his son, John (aka Robert III). Robert died on 19 April 1390.

  John Stewart, Sir John of Ralston, son of Walter and Isabella Stewart, was married to Alicia Mure, the daughter of Sir Reginald Mure of Abercorn. They gave birth to Walter (Sir Walter of Ralston); John; Marjory, who married first Sir Alexander Lindsay of Glenesk, and secondly Sir Henry Douglas of Lugton and Lochleven; Egidia (variously, Eupheme), who married Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine and Dundalf; and Margaret, who married John Hay of Tullibody.

  Egidia Stewart, daughter of Walter and Isabella Stewart, was variously known as Jill. She married three times, first to Sir James Lindsay of Crawford, and secondly to Sir Hugh Eglinton of that ilk. Sir James Lindsay died in 1358. Sir Hugh Eglinton had a daughter (not proven to have been born to Egidia), Elizabeth, who married Sir John Montgomery of Eaglesham. Egidia’s third husband was Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith.

  James Stewart of Durisdeer, son of James Stewart, the 5th High Steward of Scotland, and his third wife Egidia, was born after 1293 at Durisdeer in Dunfriesshire, Scotland. James Stewart of Durisdeer married and had a daughter named Mary. It should be noted that he is believed by some researchers, including the Stewart Society, to have died without issue. On the other hand, Walter Grosset, in 1742, proposed the idea that James Stewart of Dursideer had indeed had a daughter, who was named Mary. According to Peter Barns-Graham on his website, Stirnet Genealogy, this fact was also stated in Burke’s Genealogical And Heraldic History Of The Landed Gentry, by Sir Bernard Burke. In that volume, under the entry for Wardlaw-Ramsey, it was recorded that Henry Wardlaw “is said to have married a dau. of Sir James Stewart of Durrisdeer, and niece of Walter, the High Steward.

  Mary Stewart of Durisdeer, daughter of James Stewart of Durisdeer and his wife, Egidia, married Henry Wardlaw. Henry Wardlaw was the son of Henry Wardlaw of Torrie and ----- McDowell of Galloway. He acquired the title of 1st of Wilton, having been born circa 1293 in Wilton, Roxburghshire, Scotland. Henry and Mary gave birth to two sons and a daughter: Henry, Walter, and Christian. Henry Wardlaw 1st of Wilton died about 1368. Mary, his wife, died about the year 1360.

  Christian Wardlaw, daughter of Henry and Mary Wardlaw, was born in 1328 at Wilton, Roxburghshire. She would live until the year 1380. She married Thomas de Haya. He was born at Locherworth Castle in Gorebridge, Midlothia, Scotland in the year 1326. Thomas died in the year 1386 at Yester Castle in Haddingtonshire, Scotland. Thomas and Christian gave birth to two children: Jean and William. These two children used the anglicized name of Hay instead of the Norman, de Haya.

  William Hay, son of Thomas de Haya and Christian, was born about the year 1380 in Locherworth Castle, Gorebridge in Midlothian. He married Alicia Hay in 1425. Alicia was born about 1382 in Perthshire, Scotland, the daughter of Sir Thomas Hay and Lady Elizabeth Stewart, the daughter of King Robert Stewart II. William and Alicia gave birth to three children: Margaret, David and Alicia. William later married Johanna Gifford, and by her had a daughter: Jean/ Janet. William died about 1421.

  David Hay, son of William and Alicia Hay, married Mary Douglas, and gave birth to a son: John Hay 1st Lord Hay of Yester. John Hay married Elizabeth Cunningham on 17 December 1468; they bore two children.

  Alicia Hay, daughter of William and Alicia Hay, married Gilbert Hay.

  Jean Hay, variously Janet, daughter of William and Johanna Hay, married Sir Alexander Home.

  Jean Hay, daughter of Thomas de Haya and Christian, was born circa 1379 at Yester in East Lothian. She would marry Willielmo de Muirhead around the year 1414.